The Witches Caldron
"Eye of newt, and toe of frog,
Wool of bat, and tongue of dog"
"Adder's fork, and blind-worm's sting,
Lizard's leg, and owlet's wing"
"For a charm of powerful trouble,
Like a hell-broth boil and babble"
"Double, double, toil and trouble,
Fire burn, and caldron bubble"
Witches have had a long history with Halloween. Legends tell of
witches gathering twice a year when the seasons changed, on April
30 - the eve of May Day and the other was on the eve of October
31 - All Hallow's Eve.
The witches would gather on these nights, arriving on broomsticks,
to celebrate a party hosted by the devil. Superstitions told of
witches casting spells on unsuspecting people, transform themselves
into different forms and causing other magical mischief.
It was said that to meet a witch you had to put your clothes on
wrong side out and you had to walk backwards on Halloween night.
Then at midnight you would see a witch.
When the early settlers came to America, they brought along their
belief in witches. In American the legends of witches spread and
mixed with the beliefs of others, the Native Americans - who also
believed in witches, and then later with the black magic beliefs
of the African slaves.
The black cat has long been associated with witches. Many superstitions
have evolved about cats. It was believed that witches could change
into cats. Some people also believed that cats were the spirits
of the dead.
One of the best known superstitions is that of the black cat. If
a black cat was to cross your path you would have to turn around
and go back because many people believe if you continued bad luck
would strike you.
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